I. The United States
The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction is one of the oldest and most prestigious literary prizes in the United States. It is one of the seven American Pulitzer Prizes for Books, Drama, and Music and is awarded only to writers of American nationality. The Pulitzer Prize for Fiction has been awarded annually since 1917, although there have been occasional vacancies.
Sinclair Lewis, Pearl S. Buck, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, John Steinbeck and other Nobel Prize winners in Literature have all won the award. Familiar award-winning works include The Age of Innocence, Gone with the Wind, The Old Man and the Sea, The Grapes of Wrath and To Kill a Mockingbird.
In this year’s competition, young Jewish author Joshua Cohen won the award for his comedic historical and satirical school novel The Netanyahus. The awards panel described it as “a mordant, linguistically deft historical novel.”
The National Book Awards, one of the highest honours in American literature, were established in 1950 and have been overseen by the National Book Foundation since 1989. The Awards currently honour the best Fiction, Nonfiction, Poetry, Translated Literature, and Young People’s Literature published each year. A panel of judges selects a longlist of ten titles per category, which is then narrowed to five finalists, and a winner is announced at the Awards Ceremony in the fall.
This year’s award-winning works were announced on November 16. The award-winning works have not yet been translated into Chinese due to recentness of the announcement.
previous winners from 2018-2021
1.Governor General’s Literary Awards
The Governor General’s Literary Awards, a division of the Governor General’s Awards in the Arts category from 1973, are presented to English-language and French-language books in each of the following seven categories: Fiction, Nonfiction, Poetry, Drama, Young People’s Literature – Text, Young People’s Literature – Illustrated Books and Translation (from French to English and vice versa). These awards are administered by the Canada Council for the Arts.
This year’s 14 award-winning works in English and French were announced on November 16 in Canada. The award-winning works have not yet been translated into Chinese due to recentness of the announcement. Comments on the seven award-winning English works are as follows:
Before 1960, only English-language books were eligible – Francophone authors could only receive an award if their works had been translated and published in English.
Award-winning French works of 2022
Canadian writer Alice Munro has won the Governor General’s Literary Award for Fiction three times. The winning works were 1968’s debut Dance of the Happy Shades, 1978’s Who Do You Think You Are? and The Process of Love in 1986.
The Giller Prize (sponsored as the Scotiabank Giller Prize) was established in 1994 by Toronto businessman Jack Rabinovitch in honour of his dead wife Doris Giller, a former literary editor at the Toronto Star, with a purpose of promoting the prosperity of Canadian fiction.
The Giller Prize is awarded annually. Many internationally renowned writers such as Margaret Atwood, Alice Munro, Michael Ondaatje and Mordecai Richler have won the award.
Chinese-Canadian writer Kim Fu’s collection of short stories, Lesser Known Monsters of the 21st Century, and Canadian-Tibetan writer Tsering Yangzom Lama’s debut novel, We Measure the Earth with Our Bodies, have both been shortlisted for this year’s Giller Prize.
On November 7, 2022, Suzette Mayr from Calgary was named the winner of the 2022 Giller Prize for her novel, The Sleeping Car Porter.
III. Latin America
The Rómulo Gallegos International Novel Prize
The Romulo Gallegos International Fiction Prize is one of the most prestigious literary awards in Latin America. In 1964, this award was established for the purpose of promoting the creation of Spanish literature and also in memory of the famous Venezuelan writer and politician Rómulo Gallegos. The awards were presented every five years before 1987, and then changed to every two years after that.
Writers from Peru, Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile and other countries have won this award. The most well-known award-winning work is One Hundred Years of Solitude by Colombian writer García Márquez.
For historical reasons, many countries in the Latin American region have Spanish as their official language. In South America, only Brazil is a Portuguese-speaking nation. Therefore, students who are interested in Latin American literature can also search for the “Miguel de Cervantes Prize” (the most important award in Spanish literature, and also known as the “Spanish Nobel Literary Prize”) and the “Camões Prize” (founded jointly by the governments of Portugal and Brazil in 1989 to honour literature in the Portuguese language). There are more excellent works to discover!
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